Advanced Search


Advanced Search Examples

Search TypeOperatorFunctionSteps to UseExample
AndAND Finds two or more terms within a case (exact match) Separate the terms with a space, or separate with "and" subject matter; subject AND matter
Exact Phrase" " Finds terms in an exact sequence as a phrase Use quotation marks around the exact order of words "subject matter"
OrOR Finds one or more search terms (not an exact match) Separate terms with "or" subject OR matter
NotNOT Finds one term but not another Separate terms with "not" subject NOT matter
Multiple Character Wildcard* (asterisk) Finds any terms starting with a specific sequence of letters Type the letters, followed by an asterisk symbol (*) regard* matches regard, regards, regarding, regarded, ...
Single Character Wildcard? Finds variations of a term Replace letters with the (?) symbol wom?n returns woman, women
Ordered Proximitypre/ Finds terms which appear in order within a given range. This is more restrictive than the unordered proximity search. Separate words with a "pre" and a slash mark (/) and the number of words which can occur between the search terms subject pre/3 matter finds subject and matter within 3 words of each other (in exact order)
Unordered Proximityw/ Finds terms which appear in any order within a given range. This is less restrictive than the ordered proximity search. Separate words with a "w" and a slash mark (/) and the number of words which can occur between the search terms subject w/3 matter finds subject and matter within 3 words of each other (in either order)
Stem (Word Form)~ (tilde) Stemming (word forms) Place the ~ at the end of one of the word forms apply~ returns matches for apply, applies, applied
Imprecise Matching% Fuzzy (imprecise) matching Place % in the middle of a term where you want the imprecision. The number of % signs you include determines the number of characters which can differ from the specified word and still constitute a match. psycho%%%%analysis matches psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic, psychoanalytical, ...
Range~~ (double tilde) Range Place ~~ between two numbers representing the outside of the range 10~~20 returns matches for any number between 10 and 20, inclusive.
Combination of Boolean Queries (example for range with ordered proximity)~~ with /pre Range and Ordered Proximity Place ~~ between two numbers with the ordered proximity using one term 10~~20 pre/1 percent returns matches for any number between 10 and 20 within one word of the term, percent